British Columbia – Map
TRUTCH, Sir Joseph William (1826-1904)
Map of British Columbia to the 56th Parallel North Latitude, Compiled and Drawn at the Lands and Works Office, Victoria, B.C.
London: Standford’s Geographical Establishment, 1871. Original hand coloured engraved map ca. 65,5x 92,5 cm (25 ¾ x 36 ½ in), linen backed and dissected into 24 compartments. Housed in the original publisher’s blue cloth case ca. 24×13 cm with gilt lettered titles on the front board and the spine. Case rubbed on extremities and weak on the front hinge, but overall a very good bright map.
“This famous map, the first to be drawn of the new province, is an excellent and very detailed summary of the state of geographical knowledge of the region in 1871. It incorporates information from John Palliser and the many different surveys carried out by British Royal Engineers, sent to the new mainland colony in 1858. The Cariboo goldfields are shown. Hydrographic details come from British naval surveys at the same time, and in particular, the work of Captain George Henry Richards, who surveyed the southern coast in 1858 and 1859 in anticipation of an increase in shipping traffic. The result was an accurate, detailed map that would stand as the finest map of the mountainous province for many years” (Hayes).
A very important and rare map of British Columbia published the same year of its union with the Dominion of Canada (1871). The map was drawn under the supervision of Sir Joseph William Trutch, the Surveyor General and Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, who negotiated British Columbia’s entry into the Confederation. In 1870 Trutch travelled to London to discuss the terms of the union with the Imperial Government, and this is when he arranged with Stanford’s Geographical Establishment to print 500 copies of his latest map of British Columbia (known as the 1871 Trutch Map). He became British Columbia’s first post-confederation lieutenant governor (1871-1876), later served as a “Dominion agent for British Columbia”, and took a major part in the arrangement and construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the province. “Trutch’s map of British Columbia became the work upon which all further cartographical work was based on for the region. This map stands as an important marker in the history of British Columbia” (Smedley, A.G. Sir Joseph William Trutch, 1826-1904: Surveyor, Engineer, Statesman… Victoria, 1972, pp. 24-25).
Subject to prior sale SOLD
BRITISH COLUMBIA – BARKERVILLE
GENTILE (?), Carlo (1835-1893) A Historically Very Important Collection of Twelve Early Unsigned Original Albumen Stereo View Photographs Likely Taken by Carlo Gentile During his First Visit to Barkerville in 1865, Showing Early Buildings, People and Logging in Barkerville at the Beginning of the Gold Rush and Taken Before the 1868 Fire.
Ca. 1865. Twelve pairs of albumen photos each ca. 7×14 cm (2 ½ x 5 ½ in). Mounted on original yellow or white cards each ca. 8×17 cm (3 ¼ x 6 ¾ in). Two photographs with a small stains and three photographs very mildly faded, but overall a very good collection of very early stereo views.
A very historically important collection of twelve very early stereo views of Barkerville, likely the first (and possibly the only known early) stereo views of Barkerville and some of the very few existing photographs showing Barkerville prior to the 1868 fire that destroyed it almost entirely. The photographs were likely taken by Carlo Gentile during his travels through the Cariboo District and the Thompson River region of interior British Columbia in 1865, during the first of two visits to Barkerville, and show its newly established houses and businesses. Particularly interesting is one view that shows the future emplacement of Barnard’s Express Stage Office building, which was built in 1865 and appears in Gentile’s later photographs, suggesting that this collection of photographs was taken during Gentile’s first visit to the town. Two stereo views show a large group of people gathered in the main street, and several business signs are visible: Fruit Store, Brewery, Drug Store, Sin-Hap Washing House, New England Bakery, Tin Shop and Hardware store. There is also a photograph of a man standing next to a very large “Welcome” arch at the beginning of the main street and another image of a similar arch with a banner “God Save the Queen,” likely at the other side of the main street. The rest of the photographs show small houses built along a lane, and views of the hills with nearly clear-cut forests and some houses perched above the town. There is also one photograph of logs lying on the ground in the street, near a herd of cattle.
“Gentile was born to a wealthy family in Naples in 1835. He visited Australia, the Caribbean and South America before setting foot in San Francisco on his way to Victoria in 1862. In Victoria, Gentile tried his luck as a merchant, but gave up within a year. His next idea was to become a photographer, and he set to work with his camera, recording scenes in Victoria at first, but eventually up-Island as far as Nanaimo as well as New Westminster, the Fraser River gold rush region and two routes between the coast and the gold.” (Times Colonist)
“Barkerville is situated on the western edge of the Cariboo Mountains in British Columbia. It was named after Billy Barker from Cambridgeshire, England, who was among those who first struck gold at the location in 1861… Barkerville was built up almost overnight, and was a case of “growth via word of mouth”. It grew as fast as word of Barker’s strike spread…Before the construction of the Cariboo Wagon Road, people hauled their own supplies to Barkerville, either on their backs or in a pack train.” (Wikipedia)
“Barkerville was declared a national historic site in 1923 in recognition of the role it played in the development of British Columbia and Canada. To mark the province’s centennial, British Columbia established it as a provincial heritage site in 1958. It is now the premier historic site of Western Canada… It was a jumble of log and false-fronted shanties perched on stilts along a narrow, muddy street, with businesses of every description providing for the needs of miners and profiting from their earnings…Barkerville burned to the ground on 16 Sept 1868, and was quickly rebuilt in a more orderly fashion and with a wider street.” (Canadian Encyclopedia)
Subject to prior sale SOLD